آموزش رایگان زبان

طریقه استفاده از as و like در جملات انگلیسی

آیا می‌دانید طریقه استفاده از as و like در جملات انگلیسی به چه صورت است؟

به مثال‌های زیر نگاه کنید تا ببینید به چه صورتی از این کلمات در جملات استفاده کرده‌اند:

I worked as an actor for two years.
I went home early as I felt ill.
He looks as if he hasn’t slept.
As you know, this is the third time I’ve had to complain.
He looks like his dad.
She’s like a sister to me.
Try to do something relaxing, like reading a book or having a bath.

توضیحات گرامر

as و like اغلب به علت اینکه هر دو می‌توانند برای مقایسه استفاده شوند اشتباه گرفته می‌شوند.اما آنها تفاوت‌های مهمی با هم دارند که در ادامه آموزش زبان انگلیسی به آن می‌پردازیم.

مقایسه کردن

as + adjective + as and as much as

ما اغلب از ساختار as + adjective + as یا as much as که بگوییم چیزی دقیقا مشابه چیز دیگری از نظر کیفیت یا … است.

She loves curry as much as I do.
He’s not as tall as his brother.
It’s not as expensive as the other hotel.
That dog is as big as that child!

همینطور می توان از عبارت the same as نیز استفاده کرد

Your phone is the same as mine.
Texting is not the same as speaking in person.

like + noun

در جملات مقایسه ای زیر، like به همراه یک اسم یا ضمیر می آید تا به شباهت دو چیز اشاره کند.

He’s like a father to me.
She’s acting like a child.
It’s like a burger but with big mushrooms instead of bread.
There are lots of people like us.

از like برای مقایسه فعل های حسی استفاده می شود.

She looks like her mother.
It sounds like a cat.
Nothing tastes like homemade lemonade.
It smells like medicine.
It feels like cotton.

as if/as though + clause

As if و as though برای مقایسه یک موقعیت خیالی و یک موقعیت واقعی استفاده می‌‌شود و پس از آن‌ها نیز یک clause می آید.(a subject and verb)

You look as if you’ve seen a ghost.
I felt as if I was floating above the ground.
You talk as though we’re never going to see each other again.

Giving examples

ما همینطور می توانیم از like or such برای مثال ها استفاده کنیم.

You could try a team sport like football, basketball or hockey.
You should take something soft, such as a towel, to lie on.

Talking about a job or function

از As+اسم برای صحبت در مورد کار یا قابلیت استفاده می‌شود.

I worked as a shop assistant for two years.
He used his coat as a blanket to keep warm.

as to connect two phrases

از As به عنوان متصل کننده (حرف ربط) عبارات استفاده می‌شود که می‌تواند معانی گوناگونی داشته باشد.

as = ‘because’

All the tickets were sold out as we got there too late.
As the road was closed, I had to park on the next street.

as = ‘while’ or ‘during the time that’

She called as I was getting out of the bath.
As they were arriving, we were leaving.

as = ‘in the way that’

As we expected, it started to rain.
As you know, classes restart on 15 January.
As I said, I think this project will be a challenge.